The Fraternal Order of Police United States Park Police Labor Committee (USPPFOP) is the officially recognized representative of United States Park Police (USPP) Privates, Technicians, Investigators and Detectives. Officers in these positions make up the bargaining unit of the USPP. The USPPFOP negotiates with USPP management for rank and file officers in matters concerning working conditions, safety and discipline. The USPPFOP cannot negotiate for pay and benefits or call for or support a strike or job action. Membership in the USPPFOP is voluntary. No one can be forced to join or pay dues. The USPPFOP is required to represent all members of the bargaining unit regardless of their membership status. Every two years the membership elects their representatives.
The USPPFOP does not have a political action committee and therefore does not make donations to political campaigns. The USPPFOP also does not make recommendations to the membership on how to vote.
The USPPFOP was created in the mid 1990’s when the membership of the Police Association of the District of Columbia (PADC) voted to affiliate with the Fraternal Order of Police. At this time, the active membership of the PADC was almost entirely USPP officers. Officers of the DC Metropolitan Police (MPD) founded the PADC in 1903. Up until the 1960’s the PADC was not a union but an association. Police officers were prohibited from forming unions in Washington, DC.
USPP officers became members of the PADC in the early 1920’s. However, by the mid-1990’s there were less than 7 active duty MPD officers paying dues. DC Metropolitan Police officers had migrated to the DC FOP Lodge for a variety of reasons. At the time of the FOP affiliation vote, the PADC was the officially recognized exclusive representative of the USPP bargaining unit. The PADC had been the exclusive representative of the USPP bargaining unit since the 1960’s, after the creation of federal unions by President John F. Kennedy on January 17, 1962 by Executive Order 10988.
2013 is the 110th anniversary of police officers banding together to improve the working conditions and professionalism of police officers in the District of Columbia. In 1903, the pay of police officers in the District of Columbia was about $2.00 a day. They were required to purchase their uniforms. Officers worked 80 to 90 hours a week and worked almost every day of the year.